MAT for Quitting Tobacco
In addition to MAT programs for opioid and alcohol use disorders, there are FDA-approved medications for the treatment of tobacco use disorders. These include:
- Nicotine replacement medications, which help reduce withdrawal symptoms. A small amount of nicotine is delivered to the body to help stave off withdrawal symptoms such as irritability, anxiety, and decreased concentration. These medications can be delivered through a transdermal (through the skin) patch, via nicotine gum or lozenges. The medication, however, does not ward off nicotine cravings.
- Prescription medications – Bupropion and varenicline are medications available by prescriptions. Bupropion is also an antidepressant that was found to help individuals quit smoking. Varenicline has been shown to reduce cravings for cigarettes.